ureteroceles

Question Number 1479

Question:   
the following are true of ureteroceles

a) they normally have large ureteral orifices
b) are usually hard to detect on ultrasonography
c) are associated with ureteral duplication in about 10%.
d) usually cause bladder outlet obstruction
e) when associated with a duplex system reflux to the ipsilateral ureter is common.


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