Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

Question Number 1380

Question:
The following are true of Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

a) drainage is usually infradiaphragmatic
b) when infradiaphragmatic a barium swallow would be expected to demonstrate an indentation on the posterior aspect of the esophagus
c) it is a cause of neonatal cyanosis
d) An ASD, if present, should be closed surgically as soon as possible
e) a systolic ejection murmur is usually present


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